Common signs & symptoms of adenomyosis of the uterus
A condition when the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) grows into the muscle wall of the uterus. This results in painful and heavy menstrual bleeding.
If you’re experiencing new, severe, or persistent symptoms, contact a health care provider.
The most common symptoms include:
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Heavy menstrual bleeding for a prolonged period
- Dysmenorrhea severe cramps and pain during menstruation
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Uterine enlargement
- Spotting between periods
→ Common treatment options
→ How is this diagnosed?
The exact cause of adenomyosis is unknown. Some of the possible causes include:
- Endometriosis: The endometrium (the lining of the uterus) grows into the myometrium (the muscular wall of the uterus)
- Trauma that causes inflammation, e.g. childbirth
- Stem cells invading the myometrium
- Developmental anomalies from the time the uterus was first formed in the fetus
The risk factors include:
- Previous uterus surgery such as a caesarean
- Fibroids removal (myomectomy)
- Complications of dilatation and curettage (D&C)
- Age usually among middle age women
→ Questions to ask your doctor